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Limited evidence of intercontinental dispersal of avian paramyxovirus serotype 4 by migratory birds
- Reeves, Andrew B., Poulson, Rebecca L., Muzyka, Denys, Ogawa, Haruko, Imai, Kunitoshi, Bui, Vuong Nghia, Hall, Jeffrey S., Pantin-Jackwood, Mary, Stallknecht, David E., Ramey, Andrew M.
- Infection, genetics, and evolution 2016 v.40 pp. 104-108
- Rubulavirus, gene fusion, genetic databases, genetic variation, migratory birds, monophyly, pathogenicity, serotypes, virus transmission, waterfowl, Japan, Ukraine, United States
- Avian paramyxovirus serotype 4 (APMV-4) is a single stranded RNA virus that has most often been isolated from waterfowl. Limited information has been reported regarding the prevalence, pathogenicity, and genetic diversity of AMPV-4. To assess the intercontinental dispersal of this viral agent, we sequenced the fusion gene of 58 APMV-4 isolates collected in the United States, Japan and the Ukraine and compared them to all available sequences on GenBank. With only a single exception the phylogenetic clades of APMV-4 sequences were monophyletic with respect to their continents of origin (North America, Asia and Europe). Thus, we detected limited evidence for recent intercontinental dispersal of APMV-4 in this study.