Jump to Main Content
IFT20 is required for the maintenance of cartilaginous matrix in condylar cartilage
- Kitami, Megumi, Yamaguchi, Hiroyuki, Ebina, Masayuki, Kaku, Masaru, Chen, Di, Komatsu, Yoshihiro
- Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2019 v.509 no.1 pp. 222-226
- cartilage, cell proliferation, chondrocytes, cilia, collagen, homeostasis, mice, mutants, tamoxifen
- Condylar cartilage is a joint cartilage essential for smooth jaw movement. The importance of ciliary proteins in condylar cartilage development has been reported. However, little is known about how ciliary proteins control the homeostasis of condylar cartilage. Here we show that intraflagellar transport 20 (IFT20), a ciliary protein, is required for the maintenance of cartilaginous matrix in condylar cartilage. Utilizing NG2-CreER mice expressed in condylar cartilage, we deleted Ift20 by tamoxifen treatment at juvenile-to-adult stages. In wild-type condylar cartilage, IFT20 was robustly produced in the cis-Golgi, but deletion of Ift20 by tamoxifen induction of NG2-CreER (Ift20:NG2-CreER) resulted in reduced cell proliferation and decreased Golgi size in condylar cartilage. Importantly, while the primary cilia were present in cartilage cells in the condylar layers of wild-type mice, no primary cilia were present in the Ift20:NG2-CreER condylar layers. Consistent with this finding, ciliary-mediated Hedgehog signaling was severely attenuated in Ift20 mutant chondrocytes, and thus the production levels of type X collagen were significantly reduced in Ift20:NG2-CreER mice. These results suggest that IFT20 is required for Golgi size and Hedgehog signaling to maintain cartilaginous matrix in condylar cartilage. Our study highlights the unique function of IFT20 in the homeostasis of condylar cartilage.