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Long noncoding RNA MALAT1 promotes high glucose-induced human endothelial cells pyroptosis by affecting NLRP3 expression through competitively binding miR-22

Song, Yaxian, Yang, Lixia, Guo, Ruiwei, Lu, Nihong, Shi, Yankun, Wang, Xianmei
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2019 v.509 no.2 pp. 359-366
atherosclerosis, endothelial cells, glucose, humans, inflammation, models, non-coding RNA, oligonucleotides, pathogenesis, programmed cell death, therapeutics, transfection
Cell death and inflammation play critical roles in atherosclerosis. Pyroptosis, a novel proinflammatory programmed cell death process, participates in atherosclerosis pathogenesis. Recently, MALAT1 was identified as a pyroptosis-related long noncoding RNA (lncRNA). Here, we investigated the potential role and underlying mechanism of lncRNA MALAT1 in endothelial cells pyroptosis. We first established an endothelial cell pyroptosis model by stimulating EA.hy926 human endothelial cells (EA.hy926 cells) with high glucose. Then, we investigated lncRNA MALAT1 expression and found that it was upregulated in high glucose-treated EA.hy926 cells. Furthermore, lncRNA MALAT1 knockdown significantly inhibited high glucose-induced pyroptosis in EA.hy926 cells, which may critically influence atherosclerosis. Moreover, miR-22 was a target of lncRNA MALAT1 and was negatively correlated with lncRNA MALAT1. NLRP3 expression was significantly suppressed by transfection with a MALAT1-targeting antisense oligonucleotide (ASO). Ultimately, miR-22 overexpression abrogated the effect of MALAT1 on high glucose-induced EA.hy926 cells pyroptosis. Together, our results suggest that lncRNA MALAT1 promotes high glucose-induced pyroptosis of endothelial cells partly by affecting NLRP3 expression through competitively binding miR-22. Our findings indicate a new regulatory mechanism for endothelial cells pyroptosis under high-glucose stress, providing a novel therapeutic target for atherosclerosis.