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Microfluidic formation of core-shell alginate microparticles for protein encapsulation and controlled release
- Yu, Lei, Sun, Qi, Hui, Yue, Seth, Arjun, Petrovsky, Nikolai, Zhao, Chun-Xia
- Journal of colloid and interface science 2019 v.539 pp. 497-503
- adjuvants, alginates, antigens, biocompatibility, biodegradability, encapsulation, engineering, ethyleneimine, gelation, hydrogels, inulin, microgels, microparticles, models, ovalbumin
- Alginate hydrogel particles are promising delivery systems for protein encapsulation and controlled release because of their excellent biocompatibility, biodegradability, and mild gelation process. In this study, a facile microfluidic approach is developed for making uniform core-shell hydrogel microparticles. To address the challenge of protein retention within the alginate gel matrix, poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI)- and chitosan-coated alginate microparticles were fabricated demonstrating improved protein retention as well as controlled release. Furthermore, a model protein ovalbumin was loaded along with delta inulin microparticulate adjuvant into the water-core of the alginate microparticles. Compared to those microparticles with only antigen loaded, the antigen + adjuvant loaded microparticles showed a delayed and sustained release of antigen. This microfluidic approach provides a convenient method for making well-controlled alginate microgel particles with uniform size and controlled properties, and demonstrates the ability to tune the release profiles of proteins by engineering microparticle structure and properties.