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Short communication: Compositional characteristics and aromatic profile of caciotta cheese obtained from Friesian cows fed with a dietary supplementation of dried grape pomace

Ianni, A., Innosa, D., Martino, C., Bennato, F., Martino, G.
Journal of dairy science 2019 v.102 no.2 pp. 1025-1032
Vitis vinifera, agroindustrial byproducts, antioxidant activity, bioactive compounds, cheeses, cows, dairy industry, diet, fatty acid composition, functional foods, grape pomace, grapes, linoleic acid, lipolysis, markets, milk, polyphenols, proteolysis, sensory evaluation, vaccenic acid, volatile compounds
The aim of the present work was to explore the chemical-sensorial characteristics and aromatic profile of caciotta cheese obtained from Friesian cows fed a diet enriched with grape pomace obtained from red grape (Vitis vinifera L.). Dietary enrichment with grape pomace influenced the production of caciotta cheeses in interesting ways from a compositional point of view, as cheese samples were rich in polyphenols, giving a high antioxidant potential. From a biochemical standpoint, we noted a slight decrease of proteolysis during ripening, whereas, according to the analysis of volatile compounds, lipolysis was the most relevant phenomenon in samples. The presence of bioactive compounds also modified the fatty acid profile of milk and cheese, leading to an increase in concentration of linoleic, vaccenic, and rumenic acids. No significant variations were found in the sensory profile. These results showed the potential of dietary grape pomace intake to influence the chemical-nutritional and nutraceutical properties of cow milk and cheeses, whose introduction to the market could be attractive to consumers, providing interesting implications for the dairy industry. Finally, our results identified of a valid use of an agro-industrial by-product, grape pomace, whose disposal generally presents economic and environmental problems.