Jump to Main Content
Asymmetric synthesis of aminocyclooctenecarbonitriles: Cyclooctene β-lactam and hydroxyaminocyclooctene carboxylic precursors
- Aydin, Busra Ozturk, Yurtoglu, Emine, Arcelik, Nejat, Sahin, Ertan, Secen, Hasan, Altundas, Ramazan
- Tetrahedron letters 2019 v.60 no.3 pp. 284-287
- acid hydrolysis, amino acids, beta-lactams, crystallization, enantiomers, ethyleneimine, moieties
- Enantiopure β-aminocyclooctenenitriles, as precursors of β-amino acids and β-lactams, were synthesized from a readily available chloroalkene nitrile and (S)-methylbenzylamine via a straightforward substitution reaction and purified by crystallization. Acidic hydrolysis of the nitrile groups to their corresponding amides followed by DCC assisted carbonyl group activation gave novel α,β-unsaturated lactams. The treatment of 3-bromo-8-chlorocyclooctenecarbonitrile with (S)-methylbenzylamine furnished a diastereomeric mixture of bromoaminocyclooctenecarbonitriles via an SN2′ pathway rather than bromide substitution via an SN2 pathway. The diastereomeric mixture of bromoaminocyclooctanecarbonitriles provided two novel aziridines upon heating. TFA catalyzed aziridine ring opening gave γ-hydroxyl-β-aminocyclooctenecarbonitriles and γ-amino-β-hydroxycyclooctenecarbonitriles.