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An effective immobilized haloalkane dehalogenase DhaA from Rhodococcus rhodochrous by adsorption, crosslink and PEGylation on meso-cellular foam

Zheng, He, Yu, Wei-Li, Guo, Xuan, Zhao, Yuan-Zhong, Cui, Yan, Hu, Tao, Zhong, Jin-Yi
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.125 pp. 1016-1023
Rhodococcus rhodochrous, adsorption, ambient temperature, catalytic activity, chemical bonding, crosslinking, crystal structure, dimethyl sulfoxide, enzyme kinetics, foams, hydrolysis, immobilized enzymes, leaching, pH, urea
Haloalkane dehalogenase DhaA catalyzes the hydrolysis of halogenated compounds by cleavage of the carbon-halogen bond. However, DhaA suffers from poor environmental stability and difficult recovery, which significantly increase the cost of DhaA. Here, an effective enzyme immobilization strategy was developed to overcome the disadvantages of DhaA. DhaA was physically absorbed with amine-functionalized meso-cellular foam (MCF). The MCF-absorbed DhaA (MD) was intermolecularly crosslinked with 8-arm PEG N‑hydroxysuccinimide ester and then PEGylated by maleimide-thiol chemistry. DhaA from Rhodococcus rhodochrous was absorbed at a loading capacity of 100 mg/g in MD. The bulk crystallinity and morphology of MCF were largely maintained. The immobilized DhaA (MD-P1-P2) showed a lower Michaelis constant (Km, 0.588 mM) than DhaA (0.905 mM), along with an extremely low leaching ratio of DhaA (1.1%) from MCF. MD-P1-P2 exhibited a high stability in the extreme environmental conditions, as reflected by the remaining activity of 99.8% in 40% (v/v) DMSO for 5 h, 87.3% in 3 M urea solution for 1 h, 25.9% at pH 3.0, and 51.8% at room temperature for 30 days. Thus, our study was expected to develop an effective immobilized DhaA for practical application.