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Comparative study of different cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) clones in terms of their phytoprostanes and phytofurans contents

León-Perez, Daniel, Medina, Sonia, Londoño-Londoño, Julián, Cano-Lamadrid, Marina, Carbonell-Barrachina, Ángel, Durand, Thierry, Guy, Alexandre, Oger, Camille, Galano, Jean-Marie, Ferreres, Federico, Jiménez-Cartagena, Claudio, Restrepo-Osorno, José, Gil-Izquierdo, Ángel
Food chemistry 2019 v.280 pp. 231-239
Theobroma cacao, clones, cocoa beans, foods, immune response, tandem mass spectrometry
Cocoa has been widely discussed as a bioactive food rich in sensory stimulation and health benefits. However, no information has been provided concerning phytoprostanes (PhytoPs) and phytofurans (PhytoFs) in cocoa. These compounds are of interest because they play a role in the regulation of immune function. The present study included 31 cocoa clones. The PhytoPs and PhytoFs were quantified by UHPLC-QqQ-MS/MS. The total PhytoPs and PhytoFs contents ranged from 221.46 to 1589.83 ng g−1 and from 1.18 to 13.13 ng g−1, respectively. The profiles of the PhytoPs and PhytoFs identified in the cocoa beans showed significant differences among the clones analysed. The results indicate that dry fermented cocoa beans are rich in PhytoPs and PhytoFs, which may represent an additional benefit of the consumption of foods derived from cocoa.