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Effects of water and fertilizer management on grain filling characteristics, grain weight and productivity of drip-fertigated winter wheat
- Yan, Shicheng, Wu, You, Fan, Junliang, Zhang, Fucang, Qiang, Shengcai, Zheng, Jing, Xiang, Youzhen, Guo, Jinjin, Zou, Haiyang
- Agricultural water management 2019 v.213 pp. 983-995
- Triticum aestivum, determinate growth, equations, fertigation, fertilizers, filling period, irrigation rates, semiarid zones, soil, temporal variation, water content, water shortages, water stress, winter wheat
- In the semi-arid regions of the world, irrigation and fertilization are essential for cereals growth and production because of water shortages and unfertile soils. However, inappropriate water and fertilizer management always causes unstable grain weight and yield. This study aims to explore the responses of grain filling characteristics, grain weight and productivity of winter wheat to varying water and fertilizer supplies. A three-year (2014–2017) experiment was conducted on winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L. ‘Xinong 979’) under drip fertigation, with three irrigation rates and three fertilization rates. The temporal dynamics of grain weight was simulated using determinate-growth equation. The appearance time of maximum filling rate (tm) and growth termination time (te) increased as fertilization rate increased, whereas the maximum and average filling rate increased and then had a slight decrease. The tm and te decreased with the increase of water deficit, the mild water deficit obtained higher grain filling rate. The grain weight percentage of spike weight (GPS) and spike moisture content (SMC) had extremely significant correlations with grain weight. GPS tended to decrease one week before maturity, and declined with the increase in water stress. SMC decreased in a parabolic form, and exhibited a dramatic decline about one week before maturity. With the increase of water or fertilizer supply, the grain weight firstly increased and then decreased, where the mild water deficit and appropriate fertilization improve grain filling and productivity of winter wheat.