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Spatial distribution and partitioning of polychlorinated biphenyl and organochlorine pesticide in water and sediment from Sarno River and Estuary, Southern Italy

Montuori, Paolo, Cirillo, Teresa, Fasano, Evelina, Nardone, Antonio, Esposito, Francesco, Triassi, Maria
Environmental science and pollution research international 2014 v.21 no.7 pp. 5023-5035
aldrin, dieldrin, endosulfan, endrin, environmental impact, estuaries, heptachlor, lindane, methoxychlor, particulates, polychlorinated biphenyls, river water, rivers, sediments, Italy, Mediterranean Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea
The Sarno River is nicknamed “the most polluted river in Europe”. The main goal of this study is to enhance our knowledge on the Sarno River water and sediment quality and on its environmental impact on the gulf of Naples (Tyrrhenian Sea, Central Mediterranean Sea) in order to become a useful assessment tool for the regional administrations. For these reasons, 32 selected polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and aldrin, α-BHC, β-BHC, δ-BHC, γ-BHC (lindane), 4,4′-DDD, 4,4′-DDE, 4,4′-DDT, dieldrin, endosulfan I, endosulfan II, endosulfan sulphate, endrin, endrin aldehyde, heptachlor, heptachlor epoxide (isomer B) and methoxychlor were determined in the water dissolved phase (DP), suspended particulate matter (SPM) and sediments. Total concentrations of PCBs ranged from 1.4 to 24.9 ng L⁻¹in water (sum of DP and SPM) and from 1.01 to 42.54 ng g⁻¹in sediment samples. The concentrations of total organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) obtained in water (sum of DP and SPM) ranged from 0.54 to 7.32 ng L⁻¹and from 0.08 to 5.99 ng g⁻¹in sediment samples. Contaminant discharges of PCBs and OCPs into the sea were calculated in about 1,247 g day⁻¹(948 g day⁻¹of PCBs and 326 g day⁻¹of OCPs), showing that this river should account as one of the main contribution sources of PCBs and OCPs to the Tyrrhenian Sea.