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The ignored emission of volatile organic compounds from iron ore sinter process

Li, Juexiu, He, Xiaoping, Pei, Bing, Li, Xianwei, Ying, Diwen, Wang, Yalin, Jia, Jinping
Journal of environmental sciences (China) 2019 v.77 pp. 282-290
benzene, coal, environmental impact, ethylbenzene, flue gas, iron, nitric oxide, pollutants, raw materials, sulfur dioxide, temperature, toluene, volatile organic compounds, xylene
Iron ore sintering is a major source of gaseous and particulate pollutants emission in iron smelt plant. The aim of present study is to characterize the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emission profiles from iron ore sintering process. Both sinter pot test and sinter simulation experiment were conducted and compared. Out results showed that sinter process produced large quantity of VOCs together with NOx and SO2. VOCs and NO were produced simultaneously in sinter pot test from 3 to 24 min after ignition, flowed by SO2 production from 15 min to the end of sintering. Total VOCs (TVOC) concentration in sinter flue gas was affected by the coal and coke ratio in sinter raw material. The maximum TVOC concentration was 34.5 ppm when using 100% coal as fuel. Sinter simulation experiments found that the number of VOCs species and their concentrations were found by sinter temperature. The largest VOCs species varieties were obtained at 500 °C. Benzene, toluene, xylene and ethylbenzene were major VOCs in sinter flue gas based on the results from both simulation test and sinter pot. It thus demonstrated that in addition to NOx, SO2 and metal oxide particles, sinter flue gas also contained significant amount of VOCs whose environmental impact cannot be ignored. Based on our work, it is timely needed to establish a new VOC emission standard for sinter flue gas and develop advanced techniques to simultaneously eliminate multi-pollutants in iron ore sinter process.