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Emulsifying Properties of Lecithin Containing Different Fatty Acids Obtained by Immobilized Lecitase Ultra-Catalyzed Reaction
- Gan, Lu-Jing, Wang, Xiang-Yu, Yang, Dan, Zhang, Hua, Shin, Jung-Ah, Hong, Soon-Taek, Park, Sang Hyun, Lee, Ki-Teak
- The journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 2014 v.91 no.4 pp. 579-590
- acidolysis, decanoic acid, emulsifying properties, emulsions, free fatty acids, lysophosphatidylcholine, solid phase extraction, triacylglycerols
- Lecitase Ultra and 6 triacylglycerol lipases (lipases PS, M, AH, AY, R, and AK) were immobilized on Amberlite XAD 7HP and used to catalyze the acidolysis reaction between lecithin and capric acid (C10:0) for comparison. The highest molar incorporation value (51.0 mol%) was observed for the immobilized Lecitase Ultra. Further, immobilized Lecitase Ultra was selected for catalyzing acidolysis between lecithin and fatty acids with different chain lengths (C6:0, C8:0, C10:0, C12:0, and C14:0). After reaction, free fatty acids were removed by SPE and the resultant was called modified lecithin fraction 1 (MLF1). The highest molar incorporation value was obtained for C10:0 (51.0 mol%) at 45 °C with a mole ratio of 10/1 (C10:0/lecithin) for 72 h. After removal of lysophosphatidylcholine by solid-phase extraction from MLF1, the resultant modified lecithin fraction 2 (MLF2) was used to prepare an oil-in-water emulsion. All emulsions prepared with MLF2 exhibited significantly higher emulsion stability (ES) values (16.2–17.7) and smaller particle sizes (d₃₂0.40–0.49 μm, d₄₃0.75–1.01 μm) than the emulsion prepared with unmodified lecithin (ES 14.1, d₃₂0.76 μm, d₄₃, 1.26 μm) (P < 0.05). Furthermore, less clarification and droplet aggregation were observed in emulsions prepared with MLF2 than in lecithin-based emulsions. Overall, the MLF2s showed better emulsifying properties than lecithin.