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Development of iron oxide/activated carbon nanoparticle composite for the removal of Cr(VI), Cu(II) and Cd(II) ions from aqueous solution

Author:
Jain, Monika, Yadav, Mithilesh, Kohout, Tomas, Lahtinen, Manu, Garg, Vinod Kumar, Sillanpää, Mika
Source:
Water resources and industry 2018 v.20 pp. 54-74
ISSN:
2212-3717
Subject:
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, activated carbon, adsorption, aqueous solutions, cadmium, carbon nanoparticles, chromium, copper, coprecipitation, desorption, endothermy, hydrochloric acid, ions, models, pH, scanning electron microscopy, sorption isotherms, temperature, transmission electron microscopy
Abstract:
Iron oxide (Fe3O4) and iron oxide/activated carbon (Fe3O4/AC) were fabricated by co-precipitation method for the removal of Cr(VI), Cu(II) and Cd(II) ions from aqueous solution in batch mode. These nanoparticles were characterized by BET, FTIR, XRD, SEM/TEM and VSM. The optimum conditions for the removal of ions were pH = 2 for Cr(VI) and 6 for Cu(II) and Cd(II), initial metal ion concentration = 50 mg L−1, nanoparticle dose = 50 mg/10 mL, temperature = 25 ± 1 °C, shaking speed = 180 rpm and contact time = 3 h. The equilibrium data of ions sorption were well described by Langmuir, Freundlich, Redlich-Peterson and Intraparticle Diffusion model. The R2 values obtained by Langmuir model were highest by Fe3O4/AC for Cr(VI) = 0.9994,Cu(II) = 0.9998 and Cd(II)= 0.9750. The temperature dependent study in the range of 288–328 K confirmed that the adsorption process was endothermic in nature. Desorption studies with 0.1 M HCl stated that these nanoparticles can be regenerated effectively and can be used after four adsorption-desorption cycles without any mass loss.
Agid:
6266825