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Patterns and determinants of human-carnivore conflicts in Central Iran: realities and perceptions behind the conflict

Behmanesh, Mokarameh, Malekian, Mansoureh, Hemami, Mahmoud Reza, Fakheran, Sima
Human dimensions of wildlife 2019 v.24 no.1 pp. 14-30
Canis lupus, attitudes and opinions, carnivores, education, guard dogs, households, humans, livestock husbandry, poultry, predators, sheep, villages, Iran
This article assessed the patterns and determinants of human-carnivore conflicts and local attitudes toward carnivores in 18 villages in eastern Isfahan Province, Central Iran. Livestock depredation by carnivores was common, representing a total loss of 3% and 13% of sheep and poultry population, respectively. Over 93% depredation events were attributed to the gray wolf. Households and herders held negative attitudes toward the gray wolf due to their perceived threat to livestock and humans and expressed positive attitudes toward other carnivore species. Preventative measures, such as improved livestock husbandry seem to reduce damage caused by carnivores. In general, livestock that were herded by day with the presence of shepherds and guardian dogs and kept within an enclosure at night with dog presence were 35% less likely to be killed by wild predators. Education influenced peoples’ attitudes toward carnivores.