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Application of the Innovative Trend Analysis Method for the Trend Analysis of Rainfall Anomalies in Southern Italy
- Caloiero, T., Coscarelli, R., Ferrari, E.
- Water resources management 2018 v.32 no.15 pp. 4971-4983
- autumn, data collection, meteorological data, rain, rain gauges, spring, summer, winter, Italy, Sicily
- In this paper, an investigation of the temporal rainfall variability, in a large area of southern Italy, has been carried out using a homogeneous monthly rainfall dataset of 559 rain gauges with more than 50 years of observation. The area under investigation is a large portion of the Italian peninsula, ranging from the Campania and the Apulia regions in the North, to Sicily in the South, and covering an area of about 85,000 km². Possible trends in seasonal and annual rainfall values have been detected by means of a new graphical technique, Şen’s method, which allows the trend identification of the low, medium and high values of a series. Moreover, the Mann–Kendall test has been also applied. As a result, different values and tendencies of the highest and of the lowest rainfall data have emerged among the five regions considered in the analysis. In particular, at seasonal scale, a negative trend has been detected especially in winter and in autumn in the whole study area, whereas not well defined trend signals have been identified in summer and spring.