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Mutated fabG gene encoding oxidoreductase enhances the cost-effective fermentation of jasmine rice vinegar in the adapted strain of Acetobacter pasteurianus SKU1108

Phathanathavorn, Theerisara, Naloka, Kallayanee, Matsutani, Minenosuke, Yakushi, Toshiharu, Matsushita, Kazunobu, Theeragool, Gunjana
Journal of bioscience and bioengineering 2019 v.127 no.6 pp. 690-697
Acetobacter pasteurianus, acetic acid, chromosomes, cost effectiveness, culture flasks, enzymes, ethanol, fermentation, fermenters, gene overexpression, genes, mutation, nucleotide sequences, plasmids, rice, rice wines, sequence analysis, vinegars
A low-nutrient adapted strain, Acetobacter pasteurianus G-40, was successfully obtained by repetitive cultivation of A. pasteurianus 7E-13 under selective pressure. The adapted strain could grow well and produce 3.45-fold higher amounts of acetic acid than 7E-13 in jasmine rice wine containing 6% ethanol at 37 °C in a shaking flask. The G-40 strain also exhibited higher amounts of acetic acid (5.16%) in 2-L jar fermentor compared with 7E-13, where the bio-conversion yield to acetic acid from ethanol was 71% and 55.5% in the adapted strain and parental strain, respectively. In addition, genome sequence analysis of G-40 revealed that the strain has mutations in the 6 genes, of which the fabG gene encoding oxidoreductase is largely mutated by the partial recombination with a highly homologous fabG homolog present in the large plasmid of the strain. Over-expression of the mutated fabG gene and also the replacement of the original fabG gene in the chromosome with the mutated one obviously enhanced growth and acetic acid production of 7E-13 in the rice wine without any nutrient supplementation, indicating that the mutation in the fabG gene is mainly involved in higher fermentation ability under low-nutrient conditions. Thus, the results suggest that the adapted G-40 strain has proven useful for the cost-effective fermentation of rice vinegar.