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Sol–Gel Preparation of Initiator Layers for Surface-Initiated ATRP: Large-Scale Formation of Polymer Brushes Is Not a Dream
- Sato, Tomoya, Dunderdale, Gary J., Urata, Chihiro, Hozumi, Atsushi
- Macromolecules 2018 v.51 no.24 pp. 10065-10073
- air, ambient temperature, polymerization, polymers
- We demonstrated for the first time a facile and reproducible preparation of large-scale (∼40 m²) initiator layers for surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-ATRP) using a simple sol–gel solution of (p-chloromethyl)phenyltrimethoxysilane and tetraethoxysilane. Highly smooth and transparent initiator layers could be formed on various inorganic/organic substrates via a spin-, wire-bar-, or roll-to-roll-coating without any marked change in surface morphology or bulk properties at room temperature. Combining the advantages of this sol–gel approach and subsequent “paint on” SI-ATRP using a variety of waterborne monomers, we have succeeded in the formation of polymer brushes on large-scale real-life substrates (i.e., maximum 50 × 50 cm²) under ambient conditions (room temperature and open to the air) without any complicated apparatus or harsh reaction conditions.