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Evaluation of trap designs and food attractants for trapping Eucryptorrhynchus scrobiculatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)

Yang, Kai-Lang, Wen, Xiao-Jian, Zhang, Gan-Yu, Wen, Jun-Bao
Biocontrol science and technology 2019 v.29 no.1 pp. 28-43
Ailanthus altissima, Curculionidae, apple juice, attractants, bait traps, ethanol, field experimentation, monitoring, pests, pitfall traps, vinegars
Eucryptorrhynchus scrobiculatus (Motschulsky) is a serious pest of tree of heaven, Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle in China. Laboratory choice tests were conducted to compare attractiveness of vinegar, ethanol, apple juice, the vinegar-ethanol mixture (VE), vinegar-apple mixture (VA), ethanol-apple mixture (EA) and vinegar-ethanol-apple mixture (VEA) to E. scrobiculatus. VEA showed significantly higher attractiveness to E. scrobiculatus than vinegar, ethanol, apple juice alone, VE, VA or EA. The field experiments were conducted to evaluate the efficiency of commercial pitfall traps baited with different ratios of VEA (Apple: VE, m:m) for trapping E. scrobiculatus. Field evaluations showed that the number of marked and wild E. scrobiculatus in traps baited with the VEA (Apple: VE, 30:70 ratio, m:m) was significantly higher than traps baited with other ratios of VEA. Further testing of four types of trap baited with this VEA (Apple: VE, 30:70 ratio, m:m) indicated that captures in homemade pitfall trap design were significantly higher than in any other trap design (commercial pitfall traps, cross-vane versus traps and six-unit-funnel traps). The results demonstrated that homemade pitfall traps baited with the VEA (Apple: VE, 30:70 ratio, m:m) have potential for E. scrobiculatus monitoring.