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Modular photoinduced grafting onto approach by ketene chemistry

Alkan Goksu, Yonca, Kumbaraci, Volkan, Yagci, Yusuf
Journal of polymer science 2019 v.57 no.3 pp. 274-280
acylation, composite polymers, esterification, fluorescence, methanol, methylene chloride, models, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, polyethylene glycol, polymerization, ultraviolet radiation
A modular approach for the synthesis of graft copolymers by the combination of reversible addition–fragmentation chain‐transfer (RAFT) polymerization and photoinduced acylation processes is described. In the two‐step approach, first the copolymers of benzodioxinone containing monomer, namely, 4‐oxo‐2,2‐diphenyl‐4H‐benzo[d][1,3]dioxin‐7‐yl methacrylate (BDMA) and methyl methacrylate (MMA) in different feed ratios were prepared by RAFT polymerization. In the subsequent step, dichloromethane solutions of these copolymers (PMMA‐co‐PBDMA) were irradiated at λ = 300 nm in the presence of independently prepared hydroxyl functional polymers such as poly(ethylene glycol) (MeO‐PEG‐OH) and poly(ɛ‐caprolactone) (PCL‐OH). Side‐chain esterification reaction between photochemically generated ketene groups and hydroxyl functionalities resulted in the formation graft copolymers. The intermediates and final graft copolymers were characterized by ¹H NMR, UV, IR, fluorescence, and GPC measurements. The success of the process was also confirmed by a model reaction using pyrene methanol. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. 2019, 57, 274–280