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Effect of the Metal Phenylphosphonates on the Nonisothermal Crystallization and Performance of Isotactic Polypropylene

Xiaofeng Jiang, Shicheng Zhao, Xin Meng, Zhong Xin
Journal of polymer science 2019 v.57 no.3 pp. 161-173
aluminum, calcium, crystallization, impact strength, molybdenum, optical properties, polypropylenes, temperature, viscoelasticity
The use of metal phenylphosphonates as efficient nucleating agents (NAs) for isotactic polypropylene (iPP) is reported and a possible structural correlation to the nucleation efficiency is studied. First, three kinds of metal phenylphosphonates are synthesized via reflux method: Ca(C₆H₅PO₃)•2H₂O (CaPPA), Ca(C₆H₅PO₃H)₂ (CaPPA2), and Al(HO₃PC₆H₅)(O₃PC₆H₅)•H₂O (AlPPA2). Then, the nonisothermal crystallization behaviors, mechanical, and optical properties of iPP composites are investigated. Compared to CaPPA2 and AlPPA2, CaPPA exhibits more effective heterogeneous nucleation effect during iPP crystallization. Furthermore, the nucleation efficiency of CaPPA is similar to industrial standard NAs NA‐21 and NA‐11. With the addition of 0.1 wt % CaPPA, the crystallization temperature is enhanced and the parameter F(T) of Mo method is decreased appreciably. Moreover, the flexural modulus, impact strength, and haze values of iPP composites are improved remarkably by introducing CaPPA. The CH/π interaction between polymer and aromatic cleft of CaPPA is considered to facilitate the attachment of iPP chains and subsequent nucleation and crystallization, which is verified by the viscoelastic properties of pure iPP and composites. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2019, 57, 161–173