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Polyphenolic composition, antioxidant and antiproliferative effects of wild and cultivated blackberries (Rubus fruticosus L.) pomace

Jazić, Miodrag, Kukrić, Zoran, Vulić, Jelena, Četojević‐Simin, Dragana
International journal of food science & technology 2019 v.54 no.1 pp. 194-201
Rubus plicatus, adenocarcinoma, anthocyanins, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, blackberries, breasts, cell lines, flavonols, free radicals, functional foods, neoplasm cells, polyphenols, pomace, pomace extracts, uterine cervical neoplasms, value added
The content of total polyphenolics, antioxidative capacity and antiproliferative activity were tested in wild and cultivated blackberry pomace. Wild blackberry pomace extract Tw2 showed the highest following contents: total polyphenolics (50.16 mg GAE g⁻¹ dw), flavonoids (7.73 mg Qc g⁻¹ dw), flavonols (6.63 mg Qc g⁻¹ dw) and total monomeric anthocyanins (13.40 mg Cy g⁻¹). Tw2 extract significantly inhibited free radicals: IC₅₀ᴰᴾᴾᴴ = 127.76 μg mL⁻¹, IC₅₀ᴬᴮᵀS = 26.53 μg mL⁻¹ and IC₅₀˙ᴼᴴ = 168.62 μg mL⁻¹, and the growth of breast adenocarcinoma IC₅₀ᴹCF⁷ = 306.68 μg mL⁻¹ and cervix epitheloid carcinoma cell lines IC₅₀ᴴᵉᴸᵃ = 315.49 μg mL⁻¹. Wild blackberry varieties had higher extraction yields, higher total polyphenolic contents and possessed stronger biological effects compared to cultivated blackberries (P < 0.05). All blackberry extracts showed high biological potential that could be attributed to high total polyphenols and flavonoids content and could be utilised as value‐added functional food.