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Yeast cultures expressing the Ffase from Schwanniomyces occidentalis, a simple system to produce the potential prebiotic sugar 6-kestose

Rodrigo-Frutos, David, Piedrabuena, David, Sanz-Aparicio, Julia, Fernández-Lobato, María
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2019 v.103 no.1 pp. 279-289
Saccharomyces cerevisiae, beta-fructofuranosidase, fructooligosaccharides, glucose, health promotion, models, prebiotics, proteins, sucrose, yeasts
The β-fructofuranosidase Ffase from the yeast Schwanniomyces occidentalis produces potential prebiotic fructooligosaccharides with health-promoting properties, making it of biotechnological interest. Ffase is one of the highest and more selective known producers of 6-kestose by transfructosylation of sucrose. In this work, production of 6-kestose was simplified by directly using cultures of S. occidentalis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing both the wild-type enzyme and a mutated Ffase variant including the Ser196Leu substitution (Ffase-Leu196). Best results were obtained using yeast cultures supplemented with sucrose and expressing the Ffase-Leu196, which after only 4 h produced ~ 116 g/L of 6-kestose, twice the amount obtained with the corresponding purified enzyme. 6-Kestose represented ~ 70% of the products synthesized. In addition, a small amount of 1-kestose and the neofructoligosaccharides neokestose and blastose were also produced. The Ser196Leu substitution skewed production of 6-kestose and neofructooligosaccharides resulting in an increase of ~ 2.2- and 1.5-fold, respectively, without affecting production of 1-kestose. Supplementing yeast cultures with glucose clearly showed that blastose originates from direct fructosylation of glucose, a property that has not been described for other similar proteins from yeasts. Modeling neokestose and blastose into the Ffase-active site revealed the molecular basis explaining the peculiar specificity of this enzyme.