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Down-regulation of miR-539 indicates poor prognosis in patients with pancreatic cancer
- Yu, Haibo, Song, Hongliang, Ma, Zhongwu, Ji, Wu
- Open life sciences 2019 v.13 no.1 pp. 497-503
- gene expression, gene expression regulation, lymph nodes, metastasis, multivariate analysis, pancreatic neoplasms, patients, prognosis, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, tissues
- It has been demonstrated that miR-539 plays an important role in the development and progression of tumors. The purpose of this study was to analyze the correlation between the expression level of miR-539 and the clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to analyze the expression level of miR-539 in 60 patients with pancreatic cancer. It was found that miR-539 gene expression was down-regulated in pancreatic cancer compared with that in paracancerous tissues. In addition, the expression level of miR-539 was inversely correlated with tumor differentiation (poorly to moderately differentiated vs. well differentiated, P=0.006), lymph node metastasis (positive vs. negative, P=0.006), clinical stage (III-IV vs. I-II, P=0.002), CA199 (≥200 vs. <200, P=0.019) and distant metastasis (positive vs. negative, P=0.035). The survival time of pancreatic cancer patients with low expression of miR-539 was significantly shorter than that of patients with high expression of miR-539. Multivariate analysis suggested that miR-539 expression level was an independent prognostic indicator for patients with pancreatic cancer (P=0.025). Down-regulation of miR-539 may be a potentially unfavorable prognostic factor for patients with pancreatic cancer, and further studies are needed to confirm our conclusion in the future.