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Highly efficient redox reaction between potassium permanganate and 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine for application in hydrogen peroxide based colorimetric assays

Sun, Ying, Liu, Hui, Tan, Xionghong, Li, Zheng, Du, Yanlin, Zheng, Aixian, Liu, Xiaolong, Peng, Niancai
RSC advances 2019 v.9 no.4 pp. 1889-1894
absorbance, blood serum, color, colorimetry, glucose, hydrogen peroxide, immunoassays, monitoring, nanomaterials, oxidants, oxidation, peroxidase, potassium permanganate
Potassium permanganate (KMnO₄) is one of the most important oxidants, which plays important roles in many fields. Here, we found that KMnO₄ could directly induce the oxidation of 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) to generate an oxidized product with a color change. This redox reaction is highly efficient, and 1 μM KMnO₄ is enough to cause detectable changes in the absorbance signal. Meanwhile, this reaction is very fast and the generated blue product can stabilize for a relatively long period, which has great advantages in practical applications. Since hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂) is able to react with KMnO₄ under acidic conditions, the KMnO₄-TMB system can be used for the detection of H₂O₂; the absorbance signal induced by 5 μM H₂O₂ can be easily detected in this method. Meanwhile, the KMnO₄-TMB system can also be used for the detection of glucose by monitoring the generation of H₂O₂, which is the main product of glucose oxidation; this method permits detection of concentrations as low as 10 μM glucose, and the sensitivity is comparable to or higher than most peroxidase mimetic based methods, but avoiding the preparation and storage of the nanomaterials. Furthermore, the KMnO₄-TMB system can even be used for analyzing glucose in serum samples, which can also be expected to be used in immunoassays.