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Arctigenin prevents monocrotaline-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension in rats

Jiang, Wei-Long, Han, Xiao, Zhang, Yu-Feng, Xia, Qing-Qing, Zhang, Jia-Ming, Wang, Feng
RSC advances 2019 v.9 no.1 pp. 552-559
Arctium lappa, antioxidants, bioactive compounds, caspase-1, hypertension, inflammasomes, inflammation, interleukins, lungs, monocrotaline, myocytes, oxidative stress, pulmonary artery, rats, signal transduction, smooth muscle
The hallmark features of the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) include the proliferation of pulmonary vascular smooth muscle cells, oxidative stress, inflammation, and pulmonary artery remodeling. Arctigenin is a bioactive component of Arctium lappa that exerts anti-inflammatory and antiproliferative effects in several diseases; however, its effects on pulmonary arteries are still unclear. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of arctigenin to prevent PAH. Rats injected with monocrotaline (MCT) progressively developed PAH. Arctigenin treatment (50 mg per kg per day, intra-peritoneally) ameliorated right ventricular systolic pressure and pulmonary arterial remodeling, decreased the expression of inflammatory cytokines, and limited the proliferation of pulmonary vascular smooth muscle cells in lungs. Mechanistically, arctigenin effectively inhibited the MCT-induced elevation of NLRP3, caspase-1, and interleukin 1-beta expression in the lungs. These results indicate that arctigenin ameliorates MCT-induced PAH, at least in part, through exerting its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiproliferative effects, which inhibit the NLRP3 inflammasome signal pathway in rats.