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Janus nanofiber array pellicle: facile conjugate electrospinning construction, structure and bifunctionality of enhanced green fluorescence and adjustable magnetism

Wang, Guoyi, Ma, Qianli, Tian, Jiao, Fan, Libing, Li, Dan, Dong, Xiangting, Yu, Wensheng, Wang, Jinxian, Liu, Guixia
RSC advances 2018 v.9 no.1 pp. 206-214
fluorescence, iron oxides, magnetism, manufacturing, medicine, nanofibers, nanoparticles, pyrrolidones, spinning, viscosity
A [Fe₃O₄/polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP)]//[Tb(BA)₃phen/PVP] Janus nanofiber array pellicle (denoted JNAP) was successfully constructed by facile conjugate electrospinning without twisting for the first time. The JNAP offers the dual-functionality of fluorescence and magnetism. This technology entirely solves the dilemma of the magnetic spinning dope and fluorescent spinning dope being easily mixed together during the parallel electrospinning process, as it achieves complete segregation of magnetic nanoparticles and fluorescent molecules. Moreover, conjugate electrospinning without twisting has fewer requirements on the viscosity of the spinning dope compared with parallel electrospinning, in which the two spinning dopes should have the same viscosity. It was satisfactorily found that the JNAP has higher fluorescence intensity than the corresponding non-aligned Janus nanofiber pellicle. The magnetism of the JNAP could be tailored by changing the doping amount of the Fe₃O₄ NPs. The JNAP has potential applications in nanotechnology and biomedicine, etc., due to its enhanced green fluorescence and adjustable magnetism. In addition, this design concept and manufacturing process provide a facile way for preparing other one-dimensional Janus nanomaterials with multifunctionality.