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Proteomics of Bulked Rachides Combined with Documented QTL Uncovers Genotype Nonspecific Players of the Fusarium Head Blight Responses in Wheat

Liu, Jiajun, Li, Lei, Foroud, Nora A., Gong, Xuan, Li, Changcheng, Li, Tao
Phytopathology 2019 v.109 no.1 pp. 111-119
Fusarium graminearum, Fusarium head blight, acid phosphatase, embryogenesis, fungal diseases of plants, genotype, grain quality, plant pathogenic fungi, proteins, proteomics, quantitative trait loci, wheat
Fusarium head blight (FHB) is a destructive disease of wheat that reduces yield and grain quality. High-throughput proteomic techniques have been used to identify a wide range of candidate proteins involved in host resistance. The majority of the published works on the proteomics of the wheat response to Fusarium graminearum infection are case specific. In the current study, a high-throughput quantitative label-free strategy was employed on bulked rachides of F. graminearum-infected wheat collected from multiple genotypes. Differentially accumulated proteins among the following four pools were identified: mock-inoculated FHB-resistant accessions (RM), mock-inoculated FHB-susceptible accessions (SM), F. graminearum-inoculated FHB-resistant accessions (RFg), and F. graminearum-inoculated FHB-susceptible accessions (SFg). Four pairs of comparisons were made: RFg versus RM, SFg versus SM, RM versus SM, and RFg versus SFg. Proteins were projected onto the consensus intervals of previously reported quantitative trait loci in the FHB-resistant pool by blasting against the Chinese Spring reference sequences. In addition to proteins previously reported in the host response to Fusarium spp., new candidates have emerged in association with resistance or susceptibility, including a group 3 late embryogenesis abundant as a resistance-related protein and a purple acid phosphatase as a susceptibility protein. The protein atlas presented here provides new perspectives on the interaction between F. graminearum and wheat.