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Liquid–Liquid Flow Pattern Visualization and Mapping in a Millimetric Size Coiled Tube
- López-Guajardo, Enrique A., Garza-Cantú, Gabriela M., Marques-Camarena, André, Ortiz-Nadal, Enrique, Nigam, Krishna D.P., Montesinos-Castellanos, Alejandro
- Industrial & engineering chemistry process design and development 2018 v.58 no.2 pp. 1075-1086
- Helianthus annuus, geometry, prediction, process design, processing equipment, surface tension, viscosity
- Three different liquid–liquid systems were experimentally studied for flow pattern visualization in a helically coiled geometry. For the sunflower oil–water system, interfacial forces overcome inertial forces leading to slug flow patterns, contrary to the biodiesel–glycerol system in which inertial forces dominate over interfacial forces resulting in parallel-like flow patterns. For the sunflower oil–methanol system, a transition zone from slug flow patterns to parallel flow patterns was observed. A Weber–Ohnesourge flow map (WOFM) was developed for a wide range of interfacial tension, viscosities, and flow conditions, which predicts different flow patterns. This flow map is an important tool for the design of liquid–liquid processing equipment, which depends on the device geometry. The proposed WOFM was used to predict the flow patterns in a reactive liquid–liquid system, showing good agreement with the reactor performance and the flow map predictions.