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Bacillus subtilis STU6 Ameliorates Iron Deficiency in Tomato by Enhancement of Polyamine-Mediated Iron Remobilization

Zhou, Cheng, Zhu, Lin, Guo, Jiansheng, Xiao, Xin, Ma, Zhongyou, Wang, Jianfei
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.67 no.1 pp. 320-330
Bacillus subtilis, arginine, bacterial colonization, cell walls, chlorosis, exudation, genes, iron, nitric oxide, nutrient deficiencies, plant adaptation, rhizosphere bacteria, roots, spermidine, tomatoes
Iron (Fe) deficiency often triggers arginine overproduction in plants. However, it remains elusive whether Fe deficiency-induced increases of arginine levels are involved in beneficial rhizobacteria recruitment and that the mechanism underlying rhizobacteria induced plant Fe deficiency tolerance. Here, Bacillus subtilis STU6 increased soluble Fe content in tomato, thereby alleviating Fe deficiency-induced chlorosis. In a split-root system, STU6 significantly induced arginine exudation by Fe-deficient roots, and increased arginine levels promoted spermidine (Spd) production by STU6 and bacterial colonization. Deletion of the STU6 speB gene inhibited Spd synthesis and abrogated STU6-induced increments of soluble Fe content in the Fe-deficient plants. Increased host Spd levels by STU6 greatly stimulated the NO accumulation in the Fe-deficient roots. Furthermore, disruption of NO signaling markedly repressed STU6-mediated cell wall Fe remobilization. Collectively, our data provide important evidence that chemical dialogues between tomato and STU6 contribute to enhancement of microbe-mediated plant adaptation to Fe deficiency.