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A strategy for identifying markers linked with stem rust resistance in wheat harbouring an alien chromosome introgression from a non-sequenced genome

Zhang, Jianping, Zhang, Peng, Hewitt, Timothy, Li, Jianbo, Dundas, Ian, Schnippenkoetter, Wendelin, Hoxha, Sami, Chen, Chunhong, Park, Robert, Lagudah, Evans
Theoretical and applied genetics 2019 v.132 no.1 pp. 125-135
Aegilops tauschii, Puccinia graminis, Thinopyrum ponticum, biotic stress, crop production, crops, diploidy, fluorescence, fluorescence in situ hybridization, fungi, genetic markers, genomics, introgression, leucine, loci, monitoring, pathogens, polymerase chain reaction, races, resistance genes, stem rust, virulence, wheat, wild relatives
KEY MESSAGE: A set of molecular markers was developed for Sr26 from comparative genomic analysis. The comparative genomic approach also enabled the identification of a previously uncharacterised wheat chromosome that carried Sr26. Stem rust of wheat, a biotic stress caused by a fungal pathogen, continues to pose significant threats to wheat production. Considerable effort has been directed at surveillance and breeding approaches to minimize the impact of the widely virulent race of the stem rust pathogen (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici, Pgt) commonly known as Ug99 (TTKSK) and other races in its lineage. The stem rust resistance gene Sr26, derived from Thinopyrum ponticum, is an excellent example of the successful utilization of a gene from a wild relative of a crop plant and remains one of the few durable sources of resistance currently effective against all known field isolates of Pgt. We explored comparative genomic analysis of the nucleotide binding leucine rich repeat (NLR) genes of the diploid D genome and bread wheat genomes to target the Sr26 region from the non-sequenced Th. ponticum genome. A chromosomal interval harboring NLR genes in the distal end of homoeologous group 6 chromosomes was used to demarcate the Sr26 locus. A set of closely linked PCR-based molecular markers was developed for Sr26. Furthermore, the comparative analysis approach enabled the unambiguous identification of a previously uncharacterised wheat chromosome that carried Sr26 in an introgressed Th. ponticum segment and was validated by fluorescent and genomic in situ hybridisation (FISH/GISH) experiments. The genetic information generated from the target interval based on this study will benefit future related studies on group 6 chromosomes of wheat, including 6Dᵗ from Aegilops tauschii, and chromosome 6Ae#1 from Th. ponticum.