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Combining ability, gene action and heritability of weevil resistance, storage root yield and yield related-traits in sweetpotato

Kagimbo, Filson, Shimelis, Hussein, Sibiya, Julia
Euphytica 2019 v.215 no.2 pp. 13
Curculionidae, Ipomoea batatas, additive gene effects, breeding programs, clones, dry matter content, females, general combining ability, genes, genetic improvement, genotype, heritability, hybridization, insect resistance, males, parents, plant breeding, roots, specific combining ability, storage quality, sweet potatoes, yield components, Tanzania
The objective of this study was to determine general combining ability (GCA), specific combining ability (SCA), gene action and heritability of weevil (Cylass spp.) resistance, dry matter content (DMC), yield and yield-related components of newly developed sweetpotato clones. Six weevil resistant and six susceptible parents were crossed using a 6 × 6 factorial mating design. The resultant 36 families were evaluated at three locations using a 3 × 12 lattice design with two replications for weevil resistance and yield and related traits in western Tanzania. The GCA effect for females was significant except for percentage marketable root number (PMRN) and percentage marketable root yield (PMRY). Significant GCA effect of males were detected for all traits except PMRY. The SCA effect of families was significant for all traits. With a general predicted ratio (GPR) > 0.5, additive gene action controlled more the expression of total root number (TRN), root yield (RY), DMC, percentage infested root number (PIRN), percentage infested root yield and weevil damage score (WDS), whereas non-additive gene action controlled more the expression of PMRN and PMRY with a < 0.5 GPR. The narrow sense heritability for TRN, RY, DMC, PIRN and WDS were 0.24, 0.56, 0.84, 0.62 and 0.62, while the broad sense heritability for these traits were 0.58, 0.72, 0.93, 0.78 and 0.77, in that order. Four female parents and four male parents were identified as the best general combiners and 13 families recorded the best performance for the evaluated traits. The high heritability for most of the traits studded and presence of both additive and non-additive gene action for the traits suggests that genetic gain can be realized through hybridization and clonal selection in breeding programs. The selected parents and families are useful genetic resources for the development of sweetpotato genotypes resistant to weevils and enhanced root yield, yield components and DMC.