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Application of in vitro pollination of opened ovaries to obtain Brassica oleracea L. × B. rapa L. hybrids

Sosnowska, Katarzyna, Cegielska-Taras, Teresa
In vitro cellular & developmental biology 2014 v.50 no.2 pp. 257-262
Brassica napus, Brassica oleracea, Brassica rapa, chromosomes, coconuts, hybrids, interspecific hybridization, kinetin, naphthaleneacetic acid, nuclear genome, plant ovary, plantlets, pollen, pollination, seedlings, seeds, stigma
This study presents the results of experiments concerning: (1) interspecific hybridization of Brassica oleracea × Brassica rapa via application of in vitro placental pollination and (2) embryological analysis of the process of resynthesis of Brassica napus. In order to overcome certain stigma/style barriers, B. rapa pollen was placed in vitro on an opened B. oleracea ovary (with style removed). Pollinated ovaries were cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium. After 24-d culture, the developing embryos were isolated from immature seeds and transferred onto MS medium supplemented with 0.47 μM kinetin, 0.49 μM 1-naphthaleneacetic acid, and 10% (v/v) coconut water. When the embryos had turned green, they were immediately placed onto MS medium with 100 μM kinetin. After development of the seedling, plantlets were transferred to soil. Chromosome doubling was achieved after another week. Cytometric analysis of nuclear DNA confirmed the hybrid nature of the plants. Resynthesis of B. napus can be performed through interspecific hybridization of B. oleracea × B. rapa followed by embryo rescue and genome doubling.