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Bioconcentration studies with the freshwater amphipod Hyalella azteca: are the results predictive of bioconcentration in fish?

Schlechtriem, Christian, Kampe, Sebastian, Bruckert, Hans-Jörg, Bischof, Ina, Ebersbach, Ina, Kosfeld, Verena, Kotthoff, Matthias, Schäfers, Christoph, L’Haridon, Jacques
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.2 pp. 1628-1641
Hyalella azteca, bioaccumulation factor, fish, freshwater, hydrophobicity, laboratory animals, prediction
Bioconcentration factors (BCF) for regulatory purposes are usually determined by fish flow-through tests according to technical guidance document OECD 305. Fish bioconcentration studies are time consuming, expensive, and use many laboratory animals. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the freshwater amphipod Hyalella azteca can be used as an alternative test organism for bioconcentration studies. Fourteen substances of different hydrophobicity (log Kₒw 2.4–7.6) were tested under flow-through conditions to determine steady state and kinetic bioconcentration factors (BCFₛₛ and BCFₖ). The results were compared with fish BCF estimates for the same substances described in the literature to show the relationship between both values. Bioconcentration studies with the freshwater amphipod H. azteca resulted in BCF estimates which show a strong correlation with fish BCF values (r² = 0.69). Hyalella BCF values can be assessed in accordance with the regulatory B criterion (BCF > 2000, i.e., REACH) and thereby enable the prediction of B or non-B classification in the standard fish test. Therefore, H. azteca has a high potential to be used as alternative test organism to fish for bioconcentration studies.