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Relationship between cadmium content in semen and male infertility: a meta-analysis
- Zhang, Yiming, Li, Shiping, Li, Shu
- Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.2 pp. 1947-1953
- cadmium, databases, male fertility, meta-analysis, semen, sperm quality, variance
- Meta-analysis with high-quality studies can provide superior evidence. In this paper, we use meta-analysis to analyze the relationship between cadmium (Cd) content in semen and male infertility, and then objectively evaluate the effect of Cd on sperm quality. The objectives of this study were to update our understanding of infertility and to provide evidence to treat and prevent the infertility. We searched potentially relevant studies that were published from establishing database data to April 2018. Articles came from the databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, PubMed, CMCI, and EMBASE. A total of 11 articles were included. We gathered the mean and variance of the infertility group and the control group to compare the Cd content in two groups. In total, the 11 studies include 1707 subjects, 1093 of which were in the infertility group and 614 of which were in the control group. We can get some information from this meta-analysis: SMD = 0.50 (95% Cl 0.39–0.61), Z = 8.92, P < 0.05; the funnel plot of the meta-analysis shows incomplete symmetry, which may have the publication bias. Therefore, the high content of Cd in semen is a causative factor of infertility. The Cd content in semen can be used as an indicator of sperm quality.