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Rheological Analysis of Wheat Flour Dough as Influenced by Grape Peels of Different Particle Sizes and Addition Levels

Mironeasa, Silvia, Iuga, Mădălina, Zaharia, Dumitru, Mironeasa, Costel
Food and bioprocess technology 2019 v.12 no.2 pp. 228-245
breads, dietary fiber, dough, gelation, grapes, monitoring, particle size, statistical analysis, viscoelasticity, viscosity, wheat, wheat flour
The present study was undertaken to assess the effects generated by grape peels flour (GPF), as a source of dietary fibers, on the white wheat flour (WF) dough rheological behavior. Dynamic and empirical rheological measurements were carried out in order to study the viscoelasticity of GPF-enriched wheat flour-based dough matrices and to identify the main actions of GPF particle size (large, medium, and small) at replacement levels from 0% up to 9%. The water competition of GPF is explained by different water binding and gelling capacities, synergistic and/or antagonistic effects of GPF compounds on the major rheological properties. Power low and Burgers models were successfully fitted with the dynamic oscillatory and creep-recovery data being suitable to interpret viscoelastic behavior of dough. Composite flour dough with smaller particle size presented higher G′ and G″ values at addition level above 5% GPF, exhibiting higher viscous component with concomitantly higher peak viscosity. Creep-recovery tests for samples with small particle size at 5% addition level showed that the elasticity and the recoverable proportion was higher compared to the rest of GPF formulations and control sample. Significant correlations (p < 0.05) were found between several parameters determined by both dynamic and empirical rheological measurements which have essential roles in monitoring GPF-enriched wheat flour dough in a wide set of different kinds of samples. This information could be helpful to optimize the particle size and addition level of GPF that could be useful to produce GPF-enriched designed bread.