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Purification of recombinant IpaJ to develop an indirect ELISA-based method for detecting Salmonella enterica serovar Pullorum infections in chickens

Li, Qiuchun, Zhu, Yue, Yin, Kequan, Xu, Lijuan, Yin, Chao, Li, Yang, Ren, Jingwei, Yuan, Yu, Jiao, Xinan
BMC veterinary research 2019 v.15 no.1 pp. 3
Escherichia coli, Salmonella Pullorum, acute course, adults, agglutination tests, antibodies, antigens, antiserum, chickens, chicks, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, farms, infectious diseases, morbidity, mortality, pathogens, poultry industry, pullorum disease, recombinant fusion proteins, serotypes, signs and symptoms (animals and humans)
BACKGROUND: Salmonella enterica serovar Pullorum is a host-restricted serotype causing infection in poultry. The pathogen can not only cause acute infection in young chicks with high mortality and morbidity, but also persist in adult chickens without evident clinical symptoms and lead to vertical transmission. To eradicate S. Pullorum in poultry farms, it is necessary to establish an efficient method to monitor the prevalence of the pathogen in adult chickens. The protein IpaJ is a specific immunogen in S. Pullorum and is not detected in closely related serotypes, such as S. Gallinarum and S. Enteritidis. RESULTS: In the present study, IpaJ was expressed as a recombinant fusion protein MBP-IpaJ in E. coli. The purified MBP-IpaJ was used as a coating antigen to develop an indirect ELISA assay, which was applied to the detection of S. Pullorum infection in chickens. The indirect ELISA assay demonstrated that antibodies produced against IpaJ were detectable in antisera of chickens infected with S. Pullorum in the second week, stably increased until the tenth week, and persisted at a high level in the following two weeks. Furthermore, the ELISA method detected four positive samples out of 200 clinical antiserum samples collected from a poultry farm, and the positive samples were confirmed to be reacted with S. Pullorum using the standard plate agglutination test. CONCLUSIONS: The established indirect ELISA using the IpaJ protein is a novel method for specific detection of S. Pullorum infection, and contribute to eradication of pullorum disease in the poultry industry.