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Bioactive compounds, health benefits and utilization of Rhododendron: a comprehensive review

Kumar, Vikas, Suri, Sheenam, Prasad, Rasane, Gat, Yogesh, Sangma, Chesi, Jakhu, Heena, Sharma, Manjri
Agriculture & food security 2019 v.8 no.1 pp. 6
Rhododendron, aesthetic value, bioactive compounds, chemical constituents of plants, diarrhea, employment opportunities, flowers, food security, fungi, gardens, headache, honey, inflammation, juices, latitude, livelihood, mountains, ornamental plants, plantations, squashes, sustainable development, syrups, value-added products, India, Nepal
The Rhododendron distributed throughout the world is a small evergreen tree with deep red or pale pink flowers, belongs to the family Ericaceae and is known for its spectacular flowers. The species is widely distributed between the latitudes 80°N and 20°S with high socioeconomic reverence and has been designated as the national flower of Nepal and state flower of Himachal Pradesh (India). In addition to its immense horticultural importance, it is commonly used as an ornamental plant for gardens, plantations in the streets or vessels for its aesthetic value. Because of its numerous phytochemical potential, it is being utilized as a traditional remedy for different diseases. Flowers of this plant are traditionally utilized by the people residing in the mountainous region to make pickle, juice, jam, syrup, honey, squash, etc., and to treat various ailments like diarrhea, headache, inflammation, bacterial and fungal infections. The present review highlights the medicinal, nutritional and potential properties of Rhododendron by making value-added products to improve the livelihood for sustainable development of the rural tribal population with more job opportunities.