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Dissolution of Dominant Soil Phosphorus Fractions in Phosphorus-Responsive Soils of Bihar, India: Effects of Mycorrhiza and Fertilizer Levels

Author:
Beura, Kasturikasen, Singh, Mahendra, Pradhan, Amit Kumar, Rakshit, Rajiv, Lal, Manohar
Source:
Communications in soil science and plant analysis 2019 v.50 no.3 pp. 287-294
ISSN:
1532-2416
Subject:
Glomus, acid soils, alkaline soils, corn, fertilizer rates, hydrochloric acid, mycorrhizal fungi, phosphorus, potassium chloride, sodium hydroxide, vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae, India
Abstract:
We investigated the effects of Arbuscular Mycorrhiza (AM) fungi and various phosphorus (P) levels on the distribution and availability of P in dominant soils of Bihar, India. Potassium chloride (KCl)-P (labile P), sodium hydroxide (NaOH)-P (Fe-Al-bound P), hydrochloric acid (HCl)-P (Ca-bound P), and residual P (Res-P) fractions were analyzed in the soils under maize plant. Ca-bound P was the most abundant P fraction in the alkaline soils (65% of the total P) followed by neutral soil (35% of the total P), whereas it was less abundant (<4%) in the acidic soil type. Fe-Al-bound P was found to be highest for acidic soil (65% of the total P). Soils under the inoculation with Glomus mossae and control gave the highest and lowest values (15.63 mg kg⁻¹ and 10.74 mg kg⁻¹ respectively) for the labile fraction which was similar to the organically bound residual fractions of P (200.17 mg kg⁻¹ and 193.66 mg kg⁻¹ respectively. Inoculation of the soils with AM fungi leads to the redistribution of P fractions in different soils which consequently helps in improvement of available P in soil conducive for plant uptake.
Agid:
6276524