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Bioavailability of Silicon from Different Sources and Its Effect on the Yield of Rice in Acidic, Neutral, and Alkaline soils of Karnataka, South India

Sandhya, Kollalu, Prakash, Nagabovanalli B.
Communications in soil science and plant analysis 2019 v.50 no.3 pp. 295-306
Oryza sativa, alkaline soils, bioavailability, biochar, calcium silicate, crop yield, diatomaceous earth, pH, panicles, rice, rice hulls, silica, silicon, straw, India
Several silicon (Si) sources have been reported to be effective in terms of their effectiveness on rice growth and yield. Apart from that, it is crucial to understand the bioavailability of silicon from different silicon sources for adequate plant uptake and its performances in varying types of soils. In this point of view, a pot experiment was conducted to assess the bioavailability of silicon from three Si sources and its effect on yield of rice crop in three contrasting soils. Acidic (pH 5.86), neutral (pH 7.10), and alkaline (pH 9.38) soils collected from different locations in Karnataka were amended with calcium silicate, diatomite, and rice husk biochar (RHB) as Si sources. Silica was applied at 0, 250, and 500 kg Si ha⁻¹, and the pots were maintained under submerged condition. There was a significant increase in the yield parameters such as panicle number pot⁻¹, panicle length pot⁻¹, straw dry weight pot⁻¹, and grain weight pot⁻¹ in acidic and neutral soils with the application of Si over no Si treatment, whereas only straw dry weight pot⁻¹ increased significantly with the application of Si sources over control in alkaline soil. Higher Si content and uptake was noticed in neutral soil followed by acidic and alkaline soils. The bioavailability of Si increased with the application of Si sources but varied based on the types of soil. Application of calcium silicate followed by diatomite performed better in acidic and neutral soils whereas RHB was a better source of Si in alkaline soil. A significant difference in plant-available silicon status of the soil was noticed with the application of Si sources over control in all three studied soils.