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Enhanced carbon and nitrogen removal performance of simultaneous anammox and denitrification (SAD) with mannitol addition treating saline wastewater

Yang, Zhenlin, Zhu, Weiqiang, Yu, Deshuang, Bo, Yuntai, Li, Jin
Journal of chemical technology and biotechnology 2019 v.94 no.2 pp. 377-388
ammonium, anaerobic ammonium oxidation, carbon, chemical oxygen demand, denitrification, logit analysis, mannitol, models, nitrites, nitrogen, sludge, wastewater
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous anammox and denitrification (SAD) can remove carbon and nitrogen. However, its performance is suppressed under saline surroundings. In this work, mannitol was used to enhance a SAD process treating saline wastewater. RESULTS: The optimum carbon and nitrogen removal was achieved at 0.2 mmol L⁻¹ mannitol, during which ammonium removal efficiency (ARE), nitrite removal efficiency (NRE) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency were 96.95%, 93.70% and 90.05%, respectively. The maximum ammonium removal rate (ARR), nitrite removal rate (NRR) and the specific anammox activity (SAA) were increased by 25.49%, 55.84% and 33.83% with optimum addition (0.2 mmol L⁻¹ mannitol) respectively. The diameter of sludge was enlarged with the addition of mannitol (≤0.2 mmol L⁻¹). The Tseng‐Wayman model was more suitable to simulate the whole SAD process. The modified logistic model, the modified Boltzman model and the modified Gompertz model were all appropriate to describe nitrogen removal in a typical cycle with the addition of mannitol. CONCLUSION: Mannitol was effective in enhancing a SAD process treating saline wastewater, and maximum nitrogen removal was achieved at mannitol = 0.2 mmol L⁻¹. The Tseng‐Wayman model satisfactorily predicted the whole SAD process treating saline wastewater with mannitol addition. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry