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Formicidal activity of indole derivatives on Atta opaciceps (Borgmeier): Lethal, behavioural and locomotive effects

Costa, Ângela C. F., Cavalcanti, Sócrates C. H., Santana, Alisson S., Lima, Ana P. S., Santana, Emile D. R., Brito, Thaysnara B., Oliveira, Rafael R. B., Macêdo, Nathália A., Cristaldo, Paulo F., Bacci, Leandro
Journal of applied entomology 2019 v.143 no.1-2 pp. 58-68
Atta, active ingredients, forestry, indoles, leaf-cutting ants, lethal dose 50, locomotion, mortality, pests
The leaf‐cutting ants of the genus Atta are of extreme importance for agriculture and forestry. Few active products can be employed to control these pests and, therefore, the discovery of new insecticidal products represents a fundamental strategy for its management. In this study, we evaluated the mortality, behaviour and locomotion of workers of Atta opaciceps (Borgmeier) exposed to synthesized indole derivatives. The most active compound was 4d [1‐(1H‐indol‐3‐yl)pentan‐1‐one] (LD₅₀ = 0.018 μg/mg), while the 4e [1‐(1H‐indol‐3‐yl)hexan‐1‐one] (LD₅₀ = 3.82 μg/mg) was the least active compound. These two derivatives reduced the survival of A. opaciceps over time and altered the behaviour and locomotion of these ants. This study demonstrates the potential of indole derivatives to produce new formicidal products, since, in addition to being effective, it also affects the ant's behaviour and locomotion.