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Species‐specific elicitors induce tea leaf to arrest the endoparasitoid Ascogaster reticulata (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)

Piyasaengthong, Narisara, Sato, Yasushi, Kainoh, Yooichi
Journal of applied entomology 2019 v.143 no.1-2 pp. 43-48
Adoxophyes honmai, Ascogaster, Camellia sinensis, Homona, Ostrinia furnacalis, bioassays, elicitors, endoparasitoids, females, foraging, leaves, moths, tea, tissues, tritrophic interactions, walking
Ascogaster reticulata Watanabe (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) is an egg‐larval endoparasitoid of the smaller tea tortrix, Adoxophyes honmai Yasuda. Recent studies have examined tritrophic interactions among Camellia sinensis, A. honmai and A. reticulata, but the effect of non‐host insects on the induction of tea plant that may affect foraging behaviour of A. reticulata remains unclear. In this study, we selected two non‐host insects, Homona magnanima Diakonoff and Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenée), as representative species in our bioassays. Tea leaves were treated with homogenized female reproductive tissues of a non‐host insect in comparison with untreated leaves in a choice test. Residence times of parasitoids on both leaves were recorded. The parasitoids seemed to prefer walking on leaves treated with homogenates of H. magnanima over untreated leaves, but the difference in residence times was not significant. In contrast, its residence time on leaves treated with homogenates of O. furnacalis was significantly shorter than that on untreated leaves. Thus, the induction of tea leaf surface chemicals may differ among moth species, which may produce different types of elicitors. This difference may, in turn, affect the host‐searching behaviour of A. reticulata.