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First genetic detection and characterization of canine parvovirus from diarrheic dogs in Zambia
- Kapiya, James, Nalubamba, King S., Kaimoyo, Evans, Changula, Katendi, Chidumayo, Nozyechi, Saasa, Ngonda, Simuunza, Martin C., Takada, Ayato, Mweene, Aaron S., Chitanga, Simbarashe, Simulundu, Edgar
- Archives of virology 2019 v.164 no.1 pp. 303-307
- Carnivore protoparvovirus 1, dogs, feces, gastroenteritis, molecular epidemiology, phylogeny, viruses, Zambia
- Although canine parvovirus (CPV) causes severe gastroenteritis in dogs globally, information on the molecular epidemiology of the virus is lacking in many African countries. Here, 32 fecal samples collected from diarrheic dogs in Zambia were tested for CPV infection using molecular assays. CPV was detected in 23 samples (71.9%). Genetic characterization revealed the predominance of CPV-2c (91.3%). This finding differs from previous reports in Africa, which indicated that CPV-2a and CPV-2b were most prevalent. Phylogenetically, most Zambian CPVs formed a distinct cluster. This is the first report on the molecular characterization of CPV in Zambia.