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Transmission of porcine cysticercosis in the Portuguesa state of Venezuela

Rojas, R. Glenda, Patiño, Fabián, Pérez, Jesús, Medina, Claudio, Lares, María, Méndez, César, Aular, Johan, Parkhouse, R. M. E., Cortéz, María M.
Tropical animal health and production 2019 v.51 no.1 pp. 165-169
Taenia solium, air, antibodies, antigens, cysticercosis, households, humans, risk factors, rural areas, seroprevalence, swine, villages, Venezuela
The aim of this study was to assess transmission of Taenia solium cysticercosis in Palmarito Arriba, a small village in the rural area of the Portuguesa state of Venezuela, through (1) an evaluation of T. solium transmission risk factors present in the community and (2) serological detection of the secreted metacestode HP10 antigen (HP10 Ag) and of anti-metacestode antibodies in sera from rural pigs. Risk factors associated with transmission of cysticercosis were the following: 100% (23/23) of the households lacked piped water, 87.0% (20/23) of households lacked latrines, 88.0% (100/114) of inhabitants routinely defecated in the open/air, 19.05% (12/63) of the interviewed population had observed proglottids in their stools. More significantly, 9/13 householders breeding pigs reported seeing proglottids in their stools. Of the 25 pigs available for bleeding and serological testing, 64% (16/25) were free roaming and 36% (9/25) were “backyard” animals; 28% (7/25) were seropositive for both the HP10 Ag and antibody, 20.0% (5/25) were seropositive for HP10 Ag alone, and 36.0% (9/25) were seropositive for antibody alone. Given this clear evidence of endemic porcine cysticercosis, further studies are needed to assess and control the level of porcine and human taeniasis and cysticercosis in this and neighboring communities.