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Oral pre-administration of Purslane polysaccharides enhance immune responses to inactivated foot-and-mouth disease vaccine in mice

Zhao, Rui, Meng, Xiangyu, Jia, Guiyan, Yu, Yongzhong, Song, Bocui
BMC veterinary research 2019 v.15 no.1 pp. 38
Foot-and-mouth disease virus, acute toxicity, animal husbandry, calcium, dose response, food additives, foot-and-mouth disease, humoral immunity, immune response, intestines, lymphocytes, mice, mucosal immunity, oral administration, polysaccharides, secretion, vaccination, vaccines
BACKGROUND: Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is one of the greatest disease threats to animal husbandry worldwide. Though various vaccines against foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) have been developed, vaccine effectiveness is still not satisfactory. In this work, we studied the potential ability of Purslane polysaccharide (POL-P3b) as a nutrient food additive to enhance immune responses to FMD vaccination in mice. RESULTS: Our results demonstrated that oral administration of POL-P3b at mid- and high-doses significantly enhanced the FMDV-specific cellular and humoral immune responses in mice and increased the concentration of Ca²⁺ in lymphocytes. Importantly, POL-P3b could promote intestinal DC maturation and stimulate the secretion of intestinal SIgA in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, the acute toxicity study showed that POL-P3b was non-toxic and safe in mice. CONCLUSION: Our findings provided solid evidence that POL-P3b might be a novel immunostimulator and a boosting agent for increasing the efficacy of FMD vaccination, and the mechanism was related to stimulating the intestinal mucosal immune function that subsequently enhanced the efficacy of FMD vaccination through pre-administration of oral POL-P3b.