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Comparison of yield, fruit quality, antioxidant activity, and some phenolic compounds of white seedless grape obtained from organic, conventional, and integrated fertilization

Khalifezadeh Koureh, Omid, Bakhshi, Davood, Pourghayoumi, Mohammadreza, Majidian, Majid
International journal of fruit science 2019 v.19 no.1 pp. 1-12
Vitis, antioxidant activity, catechin, fertilizer application, fruit quality, fruits, grapes, leaves, mineral content, nutritive value, organic fertilizers, pH, phenolic compounds, titratable acidity, Iran
The aim of this research was to determine the effect of three different fertilizing systems, including organic, conventional, and integrated ones, on the yield, fruit quality, antioxidant activity, and some phenolic compounds of white seedless grape. The study was carried out on several 6-year-old white seedless grapevine located in the Urmia Province (North-West Iran). The results showed that the fruit physical characteristics and yield were affected significantly by different fertilization systems. The highest yield was observed in the conventional fertilization, followed by organic and integrated systems. The leaf mineral contents were obviously dependent on the different fertilization used, whereas pH and titratable acidity were not affected. Based on our results, the highest values of antioxidant activity and total flavonoid were found in the organic and integrated fertilization systems, respectively. Also, the highest contents of total phenolic, catechin, and quercetin-3-galactoside were observed in the organic fertilization system. Overall, the highest nutritional quality and biochemical characteristics of white seedless grape were obtained in organic fertilization system, which improved antioxidant capacity by enhancing total phenolics, total flavonoids and valuable phenolic compounds.