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Partial replacement of fishmeal by fermented soybean meal in diets for juvenile white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei)

Shao, Jianchun, Zhao, Wei, Han, Siyin, Chen, Yang, Wang, Baojie, Wang, Lei
Aquaculture nutrition 2019 v.25 no.1 pp. 145-153
Litopenaeus vannamei, Western blotting, body composition, digestive enzymes, experimental diets, fiberglass, fish meal, gene expression regulation, growth performance, ingredients, juveniles, phosphorylation, prices, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, shrimp, signal transduction, soybean meal, tanks
As an important feed ingredient, fermented soybean meal (FSM) has been widely used in aquatic animals due to its stable sources and reasonable price. Here, we evaluated the potential for replacement of fishmeal (FM) with FSM in diet of Litopenaeus vannamei. Five isonitrogenous (410 g/kg) and isolipidic (80 g/kg) diets were formulated: a control diet containing 320 g/kg FM and four experimental diets in which FM in control diet was replaced by FSM at 10 (FSM10%), 20 (FSM20%), 30 (FSM30%) and 40% (FSM40%). An 8‐week feeding trial was conducted in fifteen fibreglass tanks with 50 shrimps per tank. After 8 weeks trial, FSM20% had significantly enhanced growth performance (p < 0.05). No significant difference was found in body composition and digestive enzyme activities of all groups (p > 0.05). Through real‐time quantitative PCR analysis, tor and s6k expression levels of FSM20% were significantly up‐regulated (p < 0.05). Results of western blot showed that the phosphorylation of S6K was not significantly affected by different dietary treatments (p > 0.05), which suggested mTOR signalling pathway was not affected by FSM diets. Based on the above data, 20% replacement of FM with FSM was reasonable and advantageous for L. vannamei diet.