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Complete replacement of fish meal by plant protein ingredients with dietary essential amino acids supplementation for juvenile blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala)

Ahmed, Mokrani, Liang, Hualiang, Chisomo Kasiya, Hopeson, Ji, Ke, Ge, Xianping, Ren, Mingchun, Liu, Bo, Zhu, Xuezhi, Sun, Ajun
Aquaculture nutrition 2019 v.25 no.1 pp. 205-214
Megalobrama amblycephala, albumins, body weight changes, diet, essential amino acids, feed conversion, fish meal, ingredients, juveniles, peptide transporters, plant proteins, protein content, protein efficiency ratio, rapamycin, specific growth rate, survival rate, triacylglycerols, urea
Six extruded diets were formulated with a graded level of fish meal (FM); diet 1 and diet 2 were formulated with 80 g/kg FM; diet 3 and diet 4 were formulated with 40 g/kg FM; and diet 5 and diet 6 were devoid of FM. Hence, diet 2, diet 4 and diet 6 were supplemented with essential amino acids (EAAs). The diets were fed throughout an eight‐week feeding trial. The results revealed that specific growth rate (SGR), feed conversion ratio (FCR), body weight gain (BWG) and protein efficiency ratio (PER) were influenced by FM reduction and improved by the addition of EAA (p < 0.05). A survival rate (SR), whole body content of protein, lipid, moisture and ash, and plasma total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), triglyceride (TG) and urea (UN) did not influence by dietary treatments (p > 0.05). Additionally, target of rapamycin (TOR) pathway did not influence by dietary treatments (p > 0.05). Expression levels of hepatic peptide transporter 1 (Pept1) and peptide transporter 2 (Pept2) decreased against FM reduction and improved significantly in the groups fed diet 4 and diet 6. In summary, the findings revealed that diet containing plant proteins mixture supplemented with EAA could totally replace FM in the practical diet of blunt snout bream.