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Development of a loop‐mediated isothermal amplification assay for specific detection of all known subspecies of Clavibacter michiganensis

Dobhal, S., Larrea‐Sarmiento, A., Alvarez, A.M., Arif, M.
Journal of applied microbiology 2019 v.126 no.2 pp. 388-401
Clavibacter michiganensis, DNA, control methods, crops, disease course, disease outbreaks, genome, genomics, loop-mediated isothermal amplification, microbial detection, monitoring, plant pathogenic bacteria, point-of-care systems
AIMS: Clavibacter michiganensis is an important bacterial plant pathogen that causes vast destruction to agriculturally important crops worldwide. Early detection is critical to evaluate disease progression and to implement efficient control measures to avoid serious epidemics. In this study, we developed a sensitive, specific and robust loop‐mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for detection of all known subspecies of C. michiganensis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Whole genome comparative genomics approach was taken to identify a unique and conserved region within all known subspecies of C. michiganensis. Primer specificity was evaluated in silico and with 64 bacterial strains included in inclusivity and exclusivity panels; no false positives or false negatives were detected. Both the sensitivity and spiked assay of the developed LAMP assay was 1 fg of the pathogen DNA per reaction. A 100% accuracy was observed when tested with infected plant samples. CONCLUSIONS: The developed LAMP assay is simple, sensitive, robust and easy to perform using different detection platforms and chemistries. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: The developed LAMP assay can detect all known subspecies of C. michiganensis. The LAMP process can be performed isothermally at 65°C and results can be visually assessed, which makes this technology a promising tool for monitoring the disease progression and for accurate pathogen detection at point‐of‐care.