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Hydrophilic interaction chromatography for the analysis of biopharmaceutical drugs and therapeutic peptides: A review based on the separation characteristics of the hydrophilic interaction chromatography phases
- Ikegami, Tohru
- Journal of separation science 2019 v.42 no.1 pp. 130-213
- biopharmaceuticals, glycopeptides, glycoproteins, glycoproteomics, glycosylation, hydrophilic interaction chromatography, hydrophilicity, monoclonal antibodies, monosaccharides, polysaccharides, proteinases, reversed-phase liquid chromatography, solid phase extraction, therapeutics
- Applications of hydrophilic interaction chromatography for the analysis of biopharmaceutical drugs, i.e., glycosylated proteins represented by monoclonal antibodies are discussed in the manner of glycoproteomics. They can be analyzed using hydrophilic interaction chromatography in five different stages as (1) their intact forms, (2) their subunits, (3) N‐ and O‐glycopeptides digested by proteases, (4) N‐ and O‐glycans released from the glycoproteins or glycopeptides, and (5) monosaccharides. Hydrophilic interaction chromatography is a more useful tool in the order of (1) to (5). At the stages (4) and (5), quantitation of glycans and saccharides are also reported. Hydrophilic interaction chromatography is employed not only for analytical uses, but also pretreatment items as solid phase extraction, followed by reversed‐phase liquid chromatography separations. Comprehensive search results of these application of hydrophilic interaction chromatography are summarized in tables to show what kind of hydrophilic interaction chromatography columns are suitable for each step of analysis.Relationship of favored and less favored hydrophilic interaction chromatography columns and their separation characteristics such as hydrophilicity, and selectivity for structural difference, is also discussed. Analysis of the therapeutic peptides (not glycosylated) using hydrophilic interaction chromatography is summarized, too.